Agro Resources : Paddy, Castor, Pulses, Jowar, Maize, Ground Nut are the major crops grown in the District. Crop-wise details with area and production are indicated.
Horticulture : Mango, Sweet Orange, Pomegranate, Grapes, Guava are the major fruits and Tomato, Bhendi (Ladies Fingers), Green Chillies are the chief vegetables and Jasmine , Rose, Crossandra are the chief flowers grown in the District. The fruit and vegetable crops are developed by providing advanced farm techniques. The district is identified as a Major potential area for floriculture because of the proposed International Airport in Shamshabad having the scope for Exports.
|S.No||Crop||Hectares||Tons (in MT)|
Area of Vegetables
Area of Flowers
Forest : Forests occupy an area of 3,028 Sq.Kms covering 16.4% of the total geographical area. Area under forest cover spread over Mahabubnagar and Achampet Divisions, with forest wealth such as Teak wood, Bamboo, Tamarind, Rosa grass, Beedi leaves, Neem seeds, medicinal plants etc., Bamboo fetches maximum revenue along with Beedi leaves ranging from 50 lakh to one crore per annum.
Minerals : The district is endowed with Minerals like Quartz, Feldspar, Laterite, Limestone, Barytes, Semiprecious Stones as Major Minerals and Stone & Metal, Black/Colour Granite, Limestone Slabs, Fullers Earth, Gravel as Minor Minerals.Brief description of each Major Mineral is given below.
Feldspar : The Mineral finds use in Ceramic Industries. It is occurring in the district as Pocket deposits, there are 92 no of Mining Leases covering an extent of 534 Hectors and there are no extensions of the deposit for filing new applications to mine the Mineral.
Quartz : The Mineral finds its use in Glass and Ferro Silicon Industries. It is occurring in the district as Vein deposits, there are 21 no. of Mining Leases covering an extent of 152 Hectares. It is occurring as associated Mineral with Feldspar. Part of the deposits is falling in the Forest area. Though there are many deposits of Quartz available in the Mahabubnagar District the consuming industries are located in Hyderabad from where the industries are acquiring the nearest Quartz deposits which are available in Ranga Reddy District.
Laterite : The Mineral is used as additive in Cement manufacturing industries, there is one Mining Lease held by Cement Corporation of India which is presently not working because the consuming industries are located in Hyderabad where the industries are acquiring the nearest Laterite deposits which are available in Ranga Reddy district.
Limestone : The Mineral Limestone is available in Kodangal Mandal. Part of the area is available in Patta Land and most of the land is falling under Forest area which is not suitable to Cement Industries.
Barytes : The Mineral Barytes is available in Kollapur Reserve Forest area. The Mineral cannot be mined in Forest area unless and until the Forest department grants the permission.
LIVE STOCK RESERVES:
Sheep and Goat rearing is the Second biggest economic activity taken up after agriculture and plays a very important role in the district. The Sheep and Goat population of the district is the highest in the state. The following are the details of Live Stock population available in the District.
1. Cattle 7,36,996
2. Buffalows 3,69,849
3. Sheep 33,67,635
4. Goats 5,07,856
5. Poultry 42,63,569
The poultry has got a good role in the economy of the district. The proximity of the state capitals of Hyderabad and Bangalore makes this activity a success in the district and the reputed M/s. Venkateswara Hatcheries and M/s Raj Breeders operates from the district for supplying chicks to the small poultry farmers. There are captive poultry feed plants available and there is a scope for establishing some more feed mixing plants in the district and required veterinary facilities are also available.
Many farmers in the district particularly the small and marginal farmers are taking up this activity as a subsidiary occupation for complementing the insecure rain fed agriculture in the district. Dairy farm is an important allied agro activity suitable in this predominantly rural economy of the district. The population of cows and buffaloes are 6.76 and 3.18 lakhs respectively.
RESOURCES AVAILABLE IN THE NEIGHBORING STATES:
Iron Ore is abundantly available in the neighboring Districts of Karnataka Viz. Raichur, Bellary, which is suitable for setting up of Steel Plants. Due to availability of these resources already, many Sponge Iron units have come in the District and there is scope for Mini Steel plants.